The researchers found that anxiety was far more common during the postpartum hospital stay than depression was and remained so in the six months after women left the hospital. And the effects of that anxiety were associated with reduced breastfeeding duration and increased use of health care services by the mother. These services included hospital-based services such as inpatient stays and emergency room visits and unplanned outpatient medical visits. Very few women were found to have high scores on both the anxiety and depression measures. In light of how common postpartum anxiety is, they urged that screenings for it should be part of postpartum evaluations, giving health care providers opportunity to "potentially intervene, particularly among those most affected, such as first-time mothers."
To read about issues related to postpartum depression and treating depression during pregnancy, see Psychiatric News here and here. Also see the American Journal of Psychiatry.