“We cannot determine whether the high consumption of caffeine in our study population was actually ‘causing’ depression or if high consumption was used to relieve some symptoms of depression,” the researchers wrote in their report, published online August 25 in BMC Pediatrics. “It is possible that children meeting diagnostic criteria for major depression use caffeine to ‘self-medicate’ to ease the symptoms associated with depression.”
Depression in children can also be closely related to symptoms of depression in their mothers. Learn more about this complex interaction in Psychiatric News at http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/content/46/7/13.1.full. Also read much more about childhood depression in American Psychiatric Publishing's Concise Guide to Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Fourth Edition. Ordering information is available at www.appi.org/SearchCenter/Pages/SearchDetail.aspx?ItemId=62416.