For the study, Sam Tsemberis, Ph.D. (pictured left), founder of Pathways to Housing and the “housing-first” model, and colleagues compared one-year outcomes in 950 high-need individuals participating in Housing First (a program that helps individuals establish stable housing within a year without requiring treatment or sobriety restrictions) with treatment-as-usual programs (including shelters, general medical health, addiction, social services, and more) across five Canadian cities. In-person interviews were conducted at the beginning of the study and at six and 12 months; participants’ housing history was documented every three months.
At the 12-month follow-up, 73 percent of Housing First participants and 31 percent of treatment-as-usual participants resided in stable housing. Participation in a Housing First program also produced improvements in overall quality of life compared with treatment-as-usual participants and greater improvements in community functioning compared with treatment-as-usual participants.
While the authors noted that “[i]t remains to be seen whether Housing First participants will show greater improvements than treatment-as-usual participants on clinical and other outcomes during the second year of this trial, [o]ur interim findings provide support for the redirection of programs and policies toward adopting Housing First to address chronic and episodic homelessness.”
The Washington Post recently featured a profile of Tsemberis, where it describes how the housing-first model is leading to gains in efforts to keep homeless people off of the streets across the country.
For more, see the Psychiatric News article “Housing Programs Effective, but Studies Plagued by Limitations.”
(Image: Sam Tsemberis, Ph.D.)